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  1. Coursework Help

    01 Aug 2014 | Education or Symposia | Contributor(s): janifar soloman

    We are one of the top rankers in the field of help in homework – with the focus being on Chemistry. Other important subjects are also our forte. We are exclusively customer oriented and our shop...

    http://c3bio.org/resources/1098

  2. High-pressure fast-pyrolysis, fast-hydropyrolysis and catalytic hydrodeoxygenation of cellulose: production of liquid fuel from biomass, Green Chemistry, 2014, Advance Article DOI: 10.1039/C3GC41558A

    03 Jan 2014 | Publications | Contributor(s): Vinod Venkatakrishnan, John C Degenstein, Nick Delgass, Rakesh Agrawal, Fabio H Ribeiro

    A lab-scale, high-pressure, continuous-flow fast-hydropyrolysis and vapor-phase catalytic hydrodeoxygenation (HDO) reactor has been successfully designed, built and tested with cellulose as a...

    http://c3bio.org/resources/1032

  3. Cis-Golgi Cisternal Assembly and Biosynthetic Activation Occur Sequentially in Plants and Algae

    19 Sep 2013 | Publications | Contributor(s): Bryon Donohoe

    The cisternal progression/maturation model of Golgi trafficking predicts that cis-Golgi cisternae are formed de novo on the cis-side of the Golgi. Here we describe structural and functional...

    http://c3bio.org/resources/1027

  4. Catalytic oxidation of para-substituted phenols with cobalt–Schiff base complexes/O2—selective conversion of syringyl and guaiacyl lignin models to benzoquinones

    19 Sep 2013 | Publications | Contributor(s): Diana Cedeno, Joseph J Bozell

    Models of guaiacyl (G) and syringyl (S) subunits in lignin have been catalytically oxidized to their corresponding p-quinones in the presence of molecular oxygen. The oxidation of syringyl-like...

    http://c3bio.org/resources/1024

  5. Progress in the biological synthesis of the plant cell wall: new ideas for improving biomass for bioenergy

    19 Sep 2013 | Publications | Contributor(s): Nicholas C Carpita

    Lignocellulosic biomass feedstocks for biofuels are primarily the thickened secondary cells of vascular plants. Recent advances have been made in our basic understanding of how cellulose and the...

    http://c3bio.org/resources/1022

  6. Update on Mechanisms of Plant Cell Wall Biosynthesis: How Plants Make Cellulose and Other (1-4)-b-D-Glycans

    19 Sep 2013 | Publications | Contributor(s): Nicholas C Carpita

    Carpita, Nicholas C UPDATE ON MECHANISMS OF PLANT CELL WALL BIOSYNTHESIS: HOW PLANTS MAKE CELLULOSE AND OTHER (1→4)-Β-D-GLYCANS, Plant Physiology, 155, 171-184 (2011). [10.1104/pp.110.163360]

    http://c3bio.org/resources/1020

  7. Development of a High-Throughput Laser-Induced Acoustic Desorption Probe and Raster Sampling For Laser-Induced Acoustic Desorption/Atmospheric Pressure Chemical Ionization

    19 Sep 2013 | Publications | Contributor(s): Dave J Borton, Lucas Mark Amundson, Matt Hurt, Alex R Dow, Jeremy Madden, Garth Simpson, Hilkka Inkeri Kenttamaa

    Laser-induced acoustic desorption (LIAD) was recently coupled to atmospheric pressure chemical ionization (APCI) and shown to be of great utility for the analysis of a variety of thermally labile...

    http://c3bio.org/resources/1018

  8. Identification and Counting of Oxygen Functionalities and Alkyl Groups of Aromatic Analytes in Mixtures by Positive-Mode Atmospheric Pressure Chemical Ionization Tandem Mass Spectrometry Coupled with High-Performance Liquid Chromatography

    19 Sep 2013 | Publications | Contributor(s): Lucas Mark Amundson, Vanessa Gallardo, Nelson R Vinueza, Ben Owen, Jennifer Reece, Hilkka Inkeri Kenttamaa

    A tandem mass spectrometric method using a commercial linear quadrupole ion trap (LQIT) mass spectrometer and another LQIT coupled with a Fourier transform ion cyclotron resonance (FT-ICR) mass...

    http://c3bio.org/resources/1016

  9. Identification of epoxide functionalities in protonated monofunctional analytes by using ion/molecule reactions and collision-activated dissociation in different ion trap tandem mass spectrometers

    13 Sep 2013 | Publications | Contributor(s): Fanny Widjaja, Hilkka Inkeri Kenttamaa

    A mass spectrometric method has been delineated for the identification of the epoxidefunctionalities in unknown monofunctional analytes. This method utilizes gas-phase ion/molecule reactions of...

    http://c3bio.org/resources/1010

  10. The endoplasmic reticulum is a reservoir for WAVE/SCAR regulatory complex signaling in the Arabidopsis leaf

    13 Sep 2013 | Publications | Contributor(s): Chunhua Zhang, Eileen L Mallery, Vitaly P Boyko, Dan Szymanski

    During plant cell morphogenesis, signal transduction and cytoskeletal dynamics interact to locally organize the cytoplasm and define the geometry of cell expansion. The WAVE/SCAR (for WASP family...

    http://c3bio.org/resources/1008

  11. The effect of hydrochloric acid on the conversion of glucose to 5-hydroxymethylfurfural in AlCl3-H2O/THF biphasic medium

    13 Sep 2013 | Publications | Contributor(s): Mahdi Abu-Omar

    The effect of hydrochloric acid (HCl) on the conversion of glucose to 5-hydroxymethylfurfural (HMF) in AlCl3–H2O/THF biphasic system was investigated. The route via isomerization to fructose...

    http://c3bio.org/resources/1006

  12. ARP2/3-dependent growth in the plant kingdom: SCARs for life

    13 Sep 2013 | Publications | Contributor(s): Chunhua Zhang, Dan Szymanski

    In the human experience SCARs(suppressor of cAMP receptors)are permanent reminders of past events, not always based on bad decisions, but always those in which an interplay of opposing forces...

    http://c3bio.org/resources/1004

  13. Solvent-Free Methods for Making Acetals Derived from Glycerol and Furfural and Their Use as a Biodiesel Fuel Component

    13 Sep 2013 | Publications | Contributor(s): Ben Wegenhart, Shuo Liu, David Stanley, Mahdi Abu-Omar

    The increased production of biodiesel has resulted in the overproduction of glycerol. Many researchers have begun investigating new uses for glycerol, including itsconversion to fuel additives. In...

    http://c3bio.org/resources/1002

  14. Analysis of carbohydrates by atmospheric pressure chloride anion attachment tandem mass spectrometry

    13 Sep 2013 | Publications | Contributor(s): Nelson R Vinueza, Vanessa Gallardo, John Klimek, Nicholas C Carpita, Hilkka Inkeri Kenttamaa

    The ability to characterize oligosaccharides directly in complex mixtures would greatly benefit many research efforts focused on the development of biofuels from lignocellulosic biomass. We report...

    http://c3bio.org/resources/1000

  15. Cleavage and hydrodeoxygenation (HDO) of C-O bonds relevant to lignin conversion using Pd/Zn synergistic catalysis

    13 Sep 2013 | Publications | Contributor(s): Trenton Parsell, Ben Owen, Ian M Klein, Tiffany Mae Jarrell, Christopher Louis Marcum, Laura Jane Haupert, Lucas Mark Amundson, Hilkka Inkeri Kenttamaa, Fabio H Ribeiro, Mahdi Abu-Omar

    The development of chemical methods for the direct catalytic conversion of biomass to high value organic molecules is an area of increasing interest. The plant matter component known as lignin is...

    http://c3bio.org/resources/998

  16. High performance liquid chromatography/high-resolution multiple stage tandem mass spectrometry using negative-ion mode hydroxide-doped electrospray ionization for the characterization of lignin degradation products

    13 Sep 2013 | Publications | Contributor(s): Ben Owen, Laura Jane Haupert, Tiffany Mae Jarrell, Christopher Louis Marcum, Trenton Parsell, Mahdi Abu-Omar, Joseph J Bozell, Hilkka Inkeri Kenttamaa

    In the search for a replacement for fossil fuel and the valuable chemicals currently obtained from crude oil, lignocellulosic biomass has become a promising candidate as an alternative...

    http://c3bio.org/resources/996

  17. Selective Imaging of APIs in Powdered Blends with Common Excipients Utilizing TPE-UVF and UV-SONICC

    13 Sep 2013 | Publications | Contributor(s): Jeremy Madden, Garth Simpson

    Second order nonlinear optical imaging of chiral crystals (SONICC) and two-photon excited fluorescence measurements [both autofluorescence and two-photon excited UV-fluorescence (TPE-UVF)] were...

    http://c3bio.org/resources/994

  18. Mechanism of MTO-catalyzed deoxydehydration (DODH) of diols to alkenes using sacrificial alcohols

    13 Sep 2013 | Publications | Contributor(s): Shuo Liu, Linan Yang, Ben Wegenhart, Hilkka Inkeri Kenttamaa, Mahdi Abu-Omar

    Catalytic deoxydehydration (DODH) of vicinal diols is carried out employing methyltrioxorhenium (MTO) as the catalyst and a sacrificial alcohol as the reducing agent. The reaction kinetics feature...

    http://c3bio.org/resources/992

  19. Selective conversion of biomass hemicellulose to furfural using maleic acid with microwave heating

    13 Sep 2013 | Publications | Contributor(s): Eurick S. Kim, Shuo Liu, Mahdi Abu-Omar, Nathan Mosier

    Maleic acid has interesting properties versus other organic and mineral acids in furfural formation. The use of maleic acid as a catalyst in biomass conversion has the benefit in comparison to the...

    http://c3bio.org/resources/990

  20. The Plant Actin Cytoskeleton Responds to Signals from Microbe-Associated Molecular Patterns

    13 Sep 2013 | Publications | Contributor(s): Jessica Lynn Henty, Chris Staiger

    Plants are constantly exposed to a large and diverse array of microbes; however, most plants are immune to the majority of potential invaders and susceptible to only a small subset of pathogens....

    http://c3bio.org/resources/988